What It Takes To Win Against New Gas Pipelines: Lessons from New York, Georgia and Kentucky
Over the last few years, a major new front has developed in the fight against climate change: stopping new fossil fuel pipelines. Across the United States, climate advocates are joining hands with local communities and mobilizing against dangerous, polluting and unnecessary new pipelines, many of them meant to carry natural gas.
Fracking has flooded domestic markets with gas, at least temporarily, and gas companies are building new pipelines as fast as they can in order to get their product to lucrative markets in Europe and Asia. Here in Massachusetts, we’re fighting five major pipeline projects: Northeast Direct (Kinder Morgan), Connecticut Expansion (Kinder Morgan), Algonquin Incremental Market (Spectra), Atlantic Bridge (Spectra) and Access Northeast (Spectra), not to mention all their attendant locals, laterals and loops. And that’s just one state!
If you’ve ever had to fight against a new gas pipeline, you know it’s not exactly easy. There are a half-dozen different agencies involved, all with their own alphabet-soup names (FERC, EFSB, DOER, DPU). It can be near-impossible to figure out who has real decision-making authority over any particular project. Crucial information is often buried on obscure government websites or hidden in reams of documents, and opportunities for community input are scheduled at the last minute and held during business hours in faraway government buildings.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), which is supposed to be the ultimate authority in charge of new pipelines, usually acts as little more than a rubber stamp; it’s been years since they last turned down a pipeline application. Some new gas pipelines are already under construction, despite massive opposition from local residents and environmental, faith, social justice, public health and community groups, and regulators have already given a green light to many others. At this point, many of us are starting to wonder: is it ever possible to win against fossil fuel companies and their allies? Can communities ever beat back new pipelines?
The short answer: yes. Dedicated grassroots organizing and persistent advocacy can stop new pipelines — even against seemingly impossible odds.
One example is the Constitution pipeline, currently delayed and perhaps permanently stalled by grassroots opposition. The Constitution pipeline would run from Pennsylvania through New York and ultimately connect to the Tennessee Gas Pipeline. Williams, an energy company, is leading the push to build the pipeline; they went through the FERC process and got the usual thumbs-up in December 2014.
But grassroots leaders were not ready to accept “yes” as an answer. With the support of 59 local groups, people from all 125 miles of the proposed pipeline route continued organizing to put pressure on the state of New York. In response, the New York Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) requested more time to consider the water quality permit necessary for construction to begin. It’s up in the air whether the DEC will grant the permit in the end, but they behaved similarly before placing a moratorium on fracking in 2008; they continuously extended their timeline as the grassroots opposition movement grew until they finally reached a decision in favor of the public interest. This may suggest a precedent for turning Williams down. Read full article here...